Utama > Pend.Pemulihan, Pengetahuan, Pengurusan tingkah laku > Pengurusan Tingkah Laku – Part 1

Pengurusan Tingkah Laku – Part 1

Salam sejahtera..

Semoga hari ini lebih membawa kebahagiaan dan keriangan dalam hidup anda. Di mana jua anda berada, saya sentiasa mendoakan kesejahteraan anda. Terima kasih kerana masih sudi mengunjungi laman ini.

Dalam pendidikan Pemulihan, tidak semestinya murid itu menghadapi masalah dalam penguasaan 3M sahaja. Terdapat juga faktor lain yang mempengaruhi murid dan menjadi penentu kepada kegagalan murid dalam aspek membaca, menulis dan mengira. Salah satu faktor yang dimaksudkan adalah Tingkah Laku.

Sebelum ini, saya mempunyai bilangan murid pemulihan yang agak ramai. Saban tahun ada saja yang bertambah terutamanya dalam kalangan murid tahun dua dan tiga.

Kebanyakan murid yang menjalani ujian saringan dan diagnostik adalah murid yang dikatakan layak memasuki kelas pemulihan. Setelah tiga bulan mengajar, barulah saya dapat kesan masalah setiap murid secara berperingkat.

Ada sebahagian murid tahu membaca sebenarnya, ada yang tulisan cantik dan bijak. Namun, kerana masalah tingkah laku dan beberapa masalah lain, murid seringkali gagal dalam akademik.

Sebagai contoh, saya kerap memarahi seorang murid yang pada mulanya saya anggap ‘pemalas’ kerana langsung tidak mahu bangun atau buat sebarang latihan mahu pun menerima tunjuk ajar.

Murid ini suka tidur dalam kelas, kadang-kala murung, suka bersendirian dan Gambar hiasanpelbagai lagi perbuatannya yang dilihat menyakitkan mata. Mahu saja saya rotan, tapi apalah daya saya, seorang guru biasa. Rotan tak memberi apa-apa kesan kepada murid seperti ini.

Saya panggil kedua ibu bapa murid, berbincang dengan guru kelas, guru mata pelajaran, Guru Penolong Kanan 1 dan mendapatkan nasihat daripada rakan-rakan yang juga menjadi guru Pemulihan.

Sumber yang diperoleh daripada ibu bapa adalah maklumat yang paling penting semasa sesi temubual. Melalui perbincangan itulah saya tahu murid berkenaan sebenarnya bijak, rajin dan pandai bermain bola. Cuma ada masalah dalaman keluarga yang sering terjadi di rumah menyebabkan murid berubah sikap daripada seorang yang ceria kepada suka menyendiri, murung, lemah semangat dan negatif.

Setelah memperoleh sumber yang jelas dan mendapatkan pandangan berhubung masalah yang melanda, saya mula merancang strategi. Murid berkenaan perlu didekati secara individu dan saya perlu menjadi ‘kawan’ yang sangat akrab. Saya perlu ‘bermain’ psikologi dengan murid tersebut untuk membawanya kembali ‘normal’.

Sedikit demi sedikit rahsia kemurungannya saya temui. Saya memberi jaminan bahawa apa yang dilaluinya di rumah tidak akan di alami di sekolah. Saya memberi jaminan bahawa setiap hari dia akan dapat ‘bermain’ dalam kelas saya dengan beberapa syarat utama yang perlu dipatuhinya. Saya memberi jaminan bahawa dia tidak akan diabaikan, saya memberi jaminan tiada seorang guru pun yang akan merotannya dan semua jaminan yang saya berikan adalah berdasarkan syarat yang dipersetujui bersama.

Kini, setiap kali kelas pengajaran dan pembelajaran, murid tersebut sentiasa memberi respon. Setiap latihan berjaya disiapkan dengan betul tanpa ada kesalahan ejaan. Apabila murid ini dipulangkan semula ke kelas asal, dia akan selalu lalu di hadapan kelas Pemulihan dan merayu agar dimasukkan semula ke kelas Pemulihan. Katanya, tidak seronok belajar di kelas biasa kerana suasana belajarnya tidak sama.

Dalam kes ini, pengurusan tingkah laku yang betul dapat membantu murid memotivasikan diri mereka. Walau bagaimana pun, usaha yang saya lakukan memakan masa yang sangat panjang sebelum mendapat hasilnya.

Sekiranya guru-guru menghadapi masalah yang serupa, gunakanlah kreativiti masing-masing dan sentiasa bersabar dalam melayan kerenah murid Pemulihan.

Dalam pelajaran yang akan datang, saya akan lebih banyak menyentuh mengenai Pengurusan Tingkah Laku secara umum.

Sekian,

Teacher's Department

NORHAIDI BIN HAJI SARPONEN
Teacher’s Deparment

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