Utama > Pend.Pemulihan, Pengetahuan, Pengurusan tingkah laku > Pengurusan Tingkah Laku – Part 3

Pengurusan Tingkah Laku – Part 3

Salam sejahtera..

Bertemu lagi di hari yang indah dan ceria ini. Semoga apa yang sedang anda lakukan ketika ini, akan sentiasa mendapat rahmat daripada-NYA. Insyaallah.

Jika sebelum ini, saya telah menyentuh secara umum mengenai Pengurusan Tingkah Laku iaitu di bahagian 1 dan 2. Kali ini saya akan sentuh pula bagaimana caranya kita hendak mengurangkan tingkah laku murid yang bermasalah.

Berikut adalah sedikit nota yang diberikan oleh pensyarah semasa saya mengikuti Kursus Sijil Perguruan Khas (KSPK) satu tahun pada 2008.

  1. 1. Penghapusan (extinction)

Memberhentikan atau menyekat murid-murid daripada terus melakukan tingkah laku negative secara beransur2 dengan menggantikan dengan tingkah laku baru yang positif.

Time Out

  • Menempatkan murid berasingan daripada kumpulan atau mengeluarkan murid daripada aktiviti kumpulan.

Kejemuan (satiation)

  • Membiarkan murid melakukan tingkah laku itu hingga dia jemu melakukannya dan berhenti sendiri

Hukuman atau dendaan

  • Dilakukan dengan cara yang baik dan tidak menderakan atau mencederakan individu. Contoh : kelas tahanan(balik lambat), ambil semula token yang diberi, dendaan fizikal yang ringan(berdiri),

Disensitisasi

  • Tindakan secara beransur-ansur untuk menghilangkan rasa takut, rasa gugup, rasa tidak yakin yang berlebihan, rasa terlalu malu

Over to action

  • Prosedur yang memerlukan pelajar memperbaiki keadaan, kesalahan yang dilakukan melebihi keadaan sebelumnya.
  • Contoh 1 : Sekiranya seorang pelajar membuat kesalahan tulisan berulang kali,cara membetulkannya ialah mengarahkan pelajar tersebut membuat pembetulan kesalahan tulisannya berulang kali.
  • Contoh 2 : Seorang pelajar yang selalu menumpahkan makanan di atas lantai dirah mengelap bukan sahaja bahagian lantai yang ditumpahi makanan atau minuman, tetapi di minta mengelap keseluruhan lantai itu.

Response cost

  • Suatu bentuk penarikan, peneguhan atau ganjaran secara sistematik terhadap sesuatu tingkah laku yang tidak sesuai.

Sekian,

Teacher's Department
NORHAIDI BIN HAJI SARPONEN
Teacher’s Deparment

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