Utama > pendidikan Khas > Masalah Pembelajaran : Celebral Palsy

Masalah Pembelajaran : Celebral Palsy

Celebral Palsy atau ‘spastik’ bermaksud ketidak upayaan menggunakan sebahagian daripada angota tubuh disebabkan kecederaan pada otak. Cerebral bermaksud ‘otak’ manakala Palsy bermaksud ‘kurang daya kawalan tubuh’.

Terdapat banyak kesimpulan yang boleh dijadikan petunjuk mengapa boleh terjadinya kerencatan otak. Lazimnya Cerebral Palsy boleh dikaitkan dengan faktor sebelum, semasa dan selepas proses melahirkan anak.

Faktor sebelum kelahiran merujuk kepada ibu yang dikhuatiri menghidap pelbagai jenis penyakit seperti darah tinggi, kencing manis, kurang darah dan sebagainya akan turut menyebabkan kecacatan kepada bayi seperti kecacatan mental, pekak, bisu atau buta.

Faktor semasa kelahiran pula merujuk kepada beberapa keadaan seperti :

  • Deprivisi Oksigen
  • Kelahiran Secara Songsang
  • Kaedah kelahiran yang digunakan. Contohnya, kaedah ‘forsep’
  • Bayi Pra-Matang
  • Kurang Berat Badan

Faktor selepas kelahiran merujuk kepada beberapa keadaan seperti serangan virus semasa proses kehamilan yang dijangkiti daripada ibu, kekurangan oksigen, sistem dalaman bayi yang masih tidak dapat dikawal dengan baik, jangkitan kuman diselaput otak dan kecederaan otak disebabkan oleh kemalangan, penderaan atau penganiayaan fizikal

Antara berikut merupakan ciri-ciri khusus kanak-kanak yang mengalami Cerebral Palsy :

  • Tidak dapat mencapai objek yang ditunjukkan
  • Tidak berupaya mengangkat badan
  • Tidak berupaya memegang objek
  • Tidak berupaya mengurus diri

Sekian,

NORHAIDI SARPONEN
Teacher’s Department

Sumber :

  • Kerja kursus KSPK 2008 bagi tajuk PENYEDIAAN LAPORAN KANAK_KANAK MASALAH PEMBELAJARAN
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